Arabic rubber is a natural substance that is used in food, pharmacy (tablets coating), printing, varnishing and cosmetics. It is a resin, forming in the peel of the Senegalese acacia.
The main exporter of Arabic rubber is Sudan, Arabic rubber is harvested from trees in Senegal and Somalia. It is also known as Klovnina, but it is used rather for its liquid form (adhesive). Arabic rubber is a yellow resin mass, after drying it has an amber color.
It works mainly as an emulsifier agent, improving the interconnection of substances in the product. It helps to better mix each other very poorly miscible or immiscible ingredients such as water and oil. This contributes to better product spreading and supports its overall good consistency.
It also works as a natural stabilizer. It shows antioxidant activity, promotes maintaining good skin hydration. It can be found in body care products (mainly anti-aging products), skin and hair, but also as part of decorative cosmetics (eg mascara, eyeliner).
In the food industry, the E 414 is used for the Arabic rubber. Most often it is found in snacks such as ice cream, various candies, chewing gums or soft drinks, but we can also find it in cheeses, mayonnaise, spreads. It is very well soluble in water.
It contains a substantial amount of fiber, polysaccharides, glycoproteins. Arabic rubber is taken as a safe means in the food industry and is also allowed in infant nutrition.
At a higher concentration, it causes problems of the digestive system and may cause diarrhea. Because it binds some minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, can cause worse absorption of these substances.
In the case of more sensitive individuals, it acts as an allergen. There may be a reaction manifested by hay fever, asthma or rash. Products containing Arabic rubber should not be used by pregnant and nursing women. Arabic rubber is a source of natural, well -soluble fiber, contains at least 90%.